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The Difference Between Asylum Seekers and Refugees

The Difference Between Asylum Seekers and Refugees
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Why Do People Leave Their Countries

Many people leave their countries and the reasons are different. 

They could be refugees or asylum seekers. They leave their countries for…

  1. Wars.
  2. Diseases.
  3. Crises.
  4. Disasters.

However, people who leave their countries do not leave only for a dangerous situation; it can be for searching for a better life, like…

  1. Education.
  2. Job.
  3. Better medicine, and other reasons.

Why Do People Leave Their Countries

What Exactly is a Refugee and an Asylees

The terms “Refugee” or “Asylees” are used to describe people who leave their country and have crossed borders.

Here is the difference between Refugees and Asylees.

Asylum Seeker

An asylum seeker is someone who left his country to escape from persecution and serious human rights violations and move to another country looking for a safe life and is someone whose request for sanctuary has yet to be processed. Every year, around one million people seek asylum.

National asylum systems are in place to determine who qualifies for international protection. However, during mass movements of refugees, usually due to conflict or violence, it is not always possible or necessary to conduct individual interviews with every asylum seeker who crosses a border. These groups are often called ‘prima facie’ refugees.

Refugee

Refugees are people who have fled war, violence, conflict, or persecution and have crossed an international border to find safety in another country.

They often have had to flee with little more than the clothes on their back, leaving behind homes, possessions, jobs, and loved ones. 

Refugees are defined and protected in international law. The 1951 Refugee Convention is a key legal document and defines a refugee as:

“Someone who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin due to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion.”

Asylum Seekers Arriving

When people arrive host country as a refugee, applying for and being given protection has usually been initiated in the land of the first asylum.

When a person’s refugee visa has been granted and offered resettlement, they are usually given a flight and arrive in the country by plane.

Most asylum seekers in the world are unaware that they may be eligible to apply for resettlement in a third country.

Asylum Seekers Arriving

If they know about resettlement, it is often difficult for them to access resettlement officers, find official papers that prove their identities or obtain the official forms they must apply for.

Illegal and Legal

Many people travel to the country they want to seek in illegally many ways like:

  • Invalid visa.
  • By boats.
  • By crossing the boards on foot.

And the other way to go to the arriving country legally is by applying for a visa or directly to some countries. Then they have to apply for asylum by making an application within one year from the date of arrival.

Welcoming Asylum Seekers and Refugees From the Government and Host Community

Many people around the world arrive in countries to get access to asylum.

But first, the government should help them by…

  1. Give them access to asylum.
  2. Sponsor them.
  3. Reunite families.
  4. Provide medical visas.
  5. Allow people to study.
  6. Embrace technology.

Read More:

FAQ

What is the Concept of Asylum?

Asylum, in international law, is the protection granted by a state to a foreign citizen against his state. 

What is an Example of Asylum?

A sick person in a hospital is an example of asylum. A country that accepts a person from another country in danger is an example of a country that gave asylum to that person.

What are the Types of Asylum?

– The affirmative asylum process is for individuals who are not in removal proceedings.
– The defensive asylum process is for individuals who are in removal proceedings.

What are the Rules for Asylum?

Must prove that they are escaping their homeland because of persecution due to race;
– Religion. 
– Nationality. 
– Membership in a particular social group.
– Political opinion.

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