Conditions and Rules of Zakat on Grains and Fruits
To know the conditions and rules of Zakat on grains and fruits, first, we have to see the difference.
Grains: Any grains that can be stored, e.g., barely wheat… etc.
Fruit: Any fruit stored, e.g., dates, raisins, and almonds.
Zakat on grains and fruits is compulsory because Allah (Almighty) says…
“…but pay the due thereof on the day of their harvest.” (Al-an-am: 141).
And due to the statement of the Prophet ﷺ: “From that which has been irrigated by the skies (rain) and streams or that which is ‘athariyy[ Athariyy: One which is self-irrigated either through its roots, rain, floodwater or streams], one-tenth is paid, and as for that which was irrigated by An-Nadh[ An-Nadh: Irrigation by watering and close monitoring of plant growth], half of one-tenth is paid.” [Al-Bukhari].
If the goods are stored but used for daily consumption, paying Zakat for them is not compulsory. Because the monetary value of unstored produce cannot be realized due to the inability to benefit financially.
Measurable in Wasaq
It should be among the products that are usually weighed in Wasaqs.
Wasaqs are units of measure.
Our beloved Prophet said: “There is no Zakah on grains or dates until such items weigh five Wasaqs[ One Wasaq: Sixty Sa’].” [Muslim].
If it is not part of what is usually weighed in Wasaqs, e.g., vegetables and herbs, then Zakah is not due.
Nisab of Zakat Grains and Fruits
They must complete the nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due) of five Wasqs (1 Wassq = 60 Sa`s =130,320 kg) that are 300 Sa` (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.).
They must complete the Nisab of 5 Wasaqs
(1 Wassq = 60 Sa`s =130,320 kg). That is 300 Sa’ (1 Sa`=3 kg. Approx.). As Abu Sa`id Al-Khudry (may Allah be pleased with him) from the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: No Zakah is due on less than five Wasqs.
(Related by the Six Hadith Compilers “Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhi, Al-Nasa’y, and Ibn Majah”).
The Time of Zakah of Grains and Fruits
The time of Zakah should be due on the day of harvest, and this belongs to Allah (Almighty) says: “…but pay the due thereof on the day of their harvest.” (Al-an-am: 141).
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How Much is Zakat for Agriculture?
“From that which has been irrigated by the skies (rain) and streams or that which is self-irrigated either through its roots, rain, floodwater or streams], one-tenth is paid, and as for that which was irrigated by watering and close monitoring of plant growth, half of one-tenth is paid.”.
What is the Zakat on Grains?
Zakat on grains is compulsory when it reaches the Nisab. It must complete the nisab of 5 Wasaqs.
What are the Items on Which Zakat is Paid?
Assets that are included in the Zakat calculation are cash, shares, pensions, gold and silver, business goods, fruits, goods, and income from the investment property.
What Can be Used for Zakat?
It can be cash money or regular items.