Migrants and Refugees Flow into Europe
Europe has a long history of providing asylum to displaced people. To address the immediate needs of refugees brought on by World War II, the 1951 Refugee Convention was founded. Since then, refugees from war, persecution, and human rights violations have arrived in Europe.
In Europe, the number of refugees varies, rising during the unrest and declining when their problems are resolved. In addition to refugees, the UNHCR’s mandate extends to asylum seekers, stateless people, and people who are compelled to escape their nation (internally displaced persons).
Types of Migration
Migration is the movement of a person or people from one country, locality, place of residence, etc., to settle in another.
Forms of migration can be distinguished according to various factors, for example, the motives, the legal status of those concerned, or the duration.
Types of migration:
Internal migration: moving within a state, country, or continent.
External migration: moving to a different state, country, or continent
Emigration: leaving one place to move to another
Immigration: moving into a new home.
Return migration: moving back to where you came from.
Seasonal migration: moving with each season or in response to labor or climate conditions.
Effect of Migrants on the Economy
For a sending country, migration and remittances lead to increased incomes and poverty reduction, improved health and educational outcomes, and economic development. Yet these gains might come at substantial social costs to the migrants and their families. Since many developing countries are also large recipients of international migrants, they face challenges of integrating immigrants, job competition between migrant and native workers, and fiscal costs associated with providing social services to the migrants.
Migration is becoming an essential subject in life. Many opportunities and attractions of big cities pull large numbers of people. Migration can have positive and negative effects on the life of migrants.
- Unemployment is reduced, and people get better job opportunities.
- Migration helps in improving the quality of life of people.
- It helps to improve people’s social life as they learn about a new culture, customs, and languages which helps to strengthen brotherhood among people.
- A large population puts too much pressure on natural resources, amenities, and services.
- Poverty makes them unable to live everyday and healthy life.
- Poor children cannot access proper nutrition, education, or health.
What is the Meaning of the Migrant Day?
International Migrants Day aims to raise awareness about the challenges and difficulties of international migration.
What is a Migrant Person?
Someone who changes their country of residence, irrespective of the reason for migration or legal status.
Why is the International Migrant Day Celebrated?
Because it was on 18 December 1990 that the UN adopted the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.
What is the Difference Between Migrant and Immigrant?
Migrant refers to those who move to other places in search of work or better living conditions.
Immigrants are those who have permanently moved to foreign countries for work or living.