Sustainable Development Goals

:Introduction

To alleviate the negative consequences of wars, disasters, and poverty, the United Nations began negotiating for post 2015 development plan, and adopted the final document at the United Nations Summit on Sustainable Development in September 2015 in New York

After the meeting that held high-ranking officials of the United Nations on 25th September- 2015, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are the world’s best plan to build a better world for people and our planet by 2030

? So, what are the sustainable development goals

“The 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs)” is a common plan for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and in the future. The seventeen SDGs, at their core, are an urgent call for action by all countries – developed and developing – in a global partnership. They realize that ending poverty and other deprivation forms must go hand in hand with strategies that improve health and education, reduce inequality, and stimulate economic growth – all while addressing climate change and working to conserve our oceans and forests

The United Nations Development Programme, UNDP, is the United Nations advocates for the concept of achieving these goals in 170 countries

United Nations Development Programme, UNDP is the global development network. It advocates for change and connects countries to knowledge, experience and resources to help people build a better life for themselves. It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries. It promotes technical and investment cooperation among nations

After a simple definition of the SDGs, we will address each goal separately with a brief definition for each of  them

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Efforts are joint to target the most vulnerable people, increase access to basic resources and services, and support communities affected by conflict and climate-related disasters

End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

End all forms of hunger and malnutrition by 2030, and ensure that all people – especially children – have access to adequate and nutritious food all over the year. In addition to promoting sustainable agricultural practices that include supporting family farmers and providing equal access to land, technology and markets

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Fighting against leading communicable diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis via achieving universal health coverage and sustainable financing for health and providing easy access to medicine and vaccines at reasonable prices for all. In addition to supporting research in the field of vaccines development.

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education

The goal is that all girls and boys to complete free primary and secondary education and providing equal opportunities to vocational training for all. In addition to eliminate differences in access to education that are related to sex or wealth, and to achieve universal access to high-quality education

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls and ensuring equal rights to social and economic resources such as land and property. In addition to ensuring that women have access to quality sexual and reproductive health services. Furthermore, promoting policies and legislations encouraging women’s participation and involvement at all levels of leadership

Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all

Ensuring that everyone has access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030, increasing investment in infrastructure, providing WASH facilities, and promoting hygiene at all levels

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

It requires ensuring that everyone has access to affordable electricity and an increase in investment in renewable energy sources such as solar power, wind and thermal power. In addition, the expansion of infrastructure and upgrading technology to provide clean, renewable energy in all developing countries is considered a fundamental goal that can encourage growth and help the environment.

  1. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

Encouraging entrepreneurship and job opportunities creation, and taking effective measures to eliminate forced labor, slavery and human trafficking that are critical factors for achieving the overall goal of achieving full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men.

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Investments in industry, infrastructure and innovation are critical factors for economic growth and development; and because more than half of the world’s population lives in cities today, the importance of mass transit, renewable energy, information and communications technologies and the growth of new industries is more than ever

Reduce inequality within and among countries

Improve regulation and supervision on markets and financial systems, and encourage development assistance and investment in least developed countries. In addition to making efforts to increase zero-tariff access for exports from least developed countries and developing countries, and assistance to least developed countries.

make ies and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

Ensuring that residents have access to safe and affordable housing, improving the environment of slums and informal settlements, as well as convenient access to public transport, creating open green public spaces, and improving urban planning and management systems to be inclusive and participatory.

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Improving the efficiency of food production and supply, and ensuring that current material needs do not lead to the over-extraction of resources or to the degradation of environmental resources, and include policies that improve resource efficiency, reduce waste and mainstream sustainability practices across all sectors of the economy.

Climate Change

Joint efforts and help to areas at risk such as countries without coastal outlets and island states in order to adapt to climate change. Efforts made should integrate disaster risk reduction measures into national strategies. With the existence of will and a wide range of technological measures in place, the increase in the average global temperature can still be limited to two degrees Celsius up pre-industrial levels. This requires urgent collective action by all countries of the world.

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Sustainable management and protection of marine biodiversity and coastal ecosystems from pollution, as well as addressing the impacts of ocean acidification. In addition to the enhancement of the conservation of the ocean-based resources and the rationalization of their sustainable use through international law would help alleviate some of the challenges facing our oceans.

  1. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Conserving and restoring the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, drylands and mountains by 2020. Halting deforestation is vital to mitigate the impacts of climate change. Urgent actions must be taken to reduce the loss of natural resources and the biodiversity that forms part of the common heritage of mankind.

  1. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

Reduce all forms of violence, and work with governments and local communities to find lasting solutions to conflict and insecurity. Promoting the rule of law and human rights is essential in this process, as well as efforts should be made to reduce the flow of illicit arms and enhance the participation of developing countries in global institutions of governance.

  1. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

Strengthen countries cooperation and supporting national plans to achieve all goals. Promoting international trade and assisting developing countries to increase their exports as part of achieving a global, rules-based and
equitable global trading system that is fair, open and beneficial to all.

How does Bonyan achieve the sustainable development goals

Bonyan is a non-government, non-profit organization whose vision is people development that makes them prepared and responsible aiming to the rise of the Syrian society and the creation of its civilization. It was founded in 2012 and has been working since then to serve Syrians in Syria, Turkey and in other countries around the world

Bonyan took into consideration the Sustainable Development Goals” in designing and implementing its projects, by focusing on the following three goals

The 4th Goal: Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education

Bonyan is specialized in designing and implementing educational projects in various fields, believing that education is the foundation of societies’ rise and their well-being. Bonyan conducted many educational activities  in which all of them focus on providing quality education – including

  • Formal Education: operating schools to provide formal education for all educational stages, and to provide all services related including teachers’ incentives, educational bags for children and teachers, teachers and staff training, life skills training, psychosocial support (PSS), in addition to creative and recreational activities.
  • Non-formal Education: targeting children who drop out of school in order to qualify them to re-enroll the school. This is done through catch-up and remedial education in addition to accelerated education classes and literacy and numeracy ones. This includes using modern teaching methods and active learning methods, as well as distributing school bags and stationery.
  • Developing Supplementary Curricular in accordance with the formal curriculum in a way allows it to be presented within a short period of time.
  • Education in Camps including teachers training and the distribution of basic materials to prepare a safe learning environment.
  • Teacher training: To ensure high quality education, Bonyan build teacher capacity via providing training related to modern teaching methods, class management, EiE in-line with INEE, Child Protection principles and case early detection. differentiated instruction.
  • Obtaining international recognition: Bonyan has contacted an international accreditation agency in Britain to provide international accreditation for certificates children receive in Bonyan’s schools.

 

The 1st Goal: End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Due to the severe circumstances of the war, many people lost their livelihood, many were forced to be displaced and leave their homes, while many lost their jobs due to the collapse of the economy in some areas. Consequently, Bonyan had to conduct a number of projects that contribute to fighting poverty and building self-resilience for the people.

Some of the most prominent projects are

  • Microfinance projects: Supporting the recovery of small business damaged from crisis through distributing of productive assets and equipment; in addition to conducting training on the basics of entrepreneurship and business management.
  • Vocational training projects: Implementing vocational training projects and distributing “tool kits” to the trainees, in order to help them to gain skills related to the labor market in Syria. In addition to providing Online Vocational Training scholarship via Coursera.org platform that offers international certificates.
  • Cash for Work projects: Bonyan tries to integrate local communities in the projects Bonyan is implementing by providing job opportunities through the (cash-for-work) modality within projects related to infrastructure rehabilitation, schools’ rehabilitation and roads rehabilitation.

The 11th Goal: Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

The war led to the destruction of large numbers of homes and public facilities, the displacement of large numbers of people, fleeing to open spaces living under trees in search of safety. The influx of IDPs into safe areas has led to a sudden rise in the population of cities and small villages. Therefore, Bonyan was keen to implement a number of projects that help to accommodate a large number of IDPs in addition to enhancing the resilience of both host communities and IDPs as well.

Bonyan has worked to provide integrated and practical projects, as the projects start with the stage of research, survey, need assessment and study, leading to the best design of a project and the most appropriate solutions to the problem. Here are some examples

  • Infrastructure rehabilitation projects: Bunyan worked to rehabilitate the infrastructure of cities and villages to enhance the standard of living for individuals. Bonyan implemented projects related to “sustainable shelter solutions” that depend on the existing infrastructure; projects related to camps establishment according to international standards as temporary solutions to accommodate the IDPs with future possibility of development; roads and WASH facilities rehabilitation projects; road lighting projects; projects related to WASH infrastructure rehabilitation; in addition to flood response and mitigation projects. In all of the over mentioned projects, activities prioritization is conducted via consultations and coordination with local communities.
  • Labor market and supply chain studies: it is through market analysis studies and professions identifications conducting to prioritize projects related livelihood and early recovery and for a deeper understanding of local labor markets, value chain and supply chain.
  • Urban planning studies for cities: via implementation of urban studies, urban planning and infrastructure rehabilitation projects, besides to needs assessments and bills of quantities (BoQs).
  • Community ownership and support for livelihoods: It is through motivating the society to establish community groups with sustainable source of funding.

Bonyan is still seeking to promote the concepts of sustainable development in all its projects in order to have an effective role in achieving the global sustainable development goals

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